What Is The Difference Between Standard And Additional Infection Control Precaution?

What are the five major areas of recommendations for isolation precautions?

It recommended that hospitals use one of seven isolation categories (Strict Isolation, Respiratory Isolation, Protective Isolation, Enteric Precautions, Wound and Skin Precautions, Discharge Precautions, and Blood Precautions)..

When Should additional precautions be used?

In a healthcare setting, additional precautions should be applied when patients have a known or suspected infectious agent that may not be contained using Standard Precautions alone. These additional precautions should be tailored based on the infectious agent involved and the mode of transmission.

Why would you use additional precautions for infection control?

Additional Precautions are based on the mode of transmission of the causative organism. Additional Precautions are used as an adjunct to Routine Practices when microorganisms are: Highly infectious • Known to create severe disease • Difficult to treat (antibiotic resistant).

What is standard precautions infection control?

Standard precautions are a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (including rashes), and mucous membranes.

What standard and additional precautions must be followed in relation to infection prevention and control?

Standard precautions consist of the following practices:hand hygiene before and after all patient contact.the use of personal protective equipment, which may include gloves, impermeable gowns, plastic aprons, masks, face shields and eye protection.the safe use and disposal of sharps.More items…

What are the 5 standard precautions for infection control?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…

What are additional precautions which are also known as transmission based precautions?

Transmission-Based Precautions are the second tier of basic infection control and are to be used in addition to Standard Precautions for patients who may be infected or colonized with certain infectious agents for which additional precautions are needed to prevent infection transmission.

What is standard and additional precautions?

Additional Precautions are infection prevention and control precautions and practices required in addition to Routine Practices. They are based on the mode (means) of transmission of the infectious agent: airborne, droplet, and contact.

Why standard precautions are important?

Standard precautions are meant to reduce the risk of transmission of bloodborne and other pathogens from both recognized and unrecognized sources. They are the basic level of infection control precautions which are to be used, as a minimum, in the care of all patients.

What are the two basic goals of infection control?

The two basic goals of infection control are to protect the patient and health care personnel from infection. Infection control starts with standard precautions. Standard precautions are the methods recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for preventing the transmission of infections.

What is meant by additional precautions?

Additional precautions are measures used in addition to Standard Precautions when extra practices are required to prevent transmission of specific infectious diseases.

What are the 3 methods of infection control?

There are three types of transmission-based precautions: contact, droplet, and airborne. Contact precautions are used in addition to standard precautions when caring for patients with known or suspected diseases that are spread by direct or indirect contact.

What is the most common type of HAI?

The four most common types of HAIs are related to invasive devices or surgical procedures and include:Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI)Central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI)Surgical site infection (SSI)Ventilator-associated events (VAE)

What are examples of additional precautions?

There are three categories of additional precautions: contact precautions, droplet precautions, and airborne precautions. Contact precautions are are the most common type of additional precautions.

What are the 4 main universal precautions?

Standard Precautions apply to 1) blood; 2) all body fluids, secretions, and excretions, except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain visible blood; 3) non-intact skin; and 4) mucous membranes.