Quick Answer: What Is The Nervous System Simple Definition?

What do u mean by nervous system?

The nervous system includes the peripheral nervous system and central nervous system; the peripheral nervous system includes a network of nerves throughout the body, handling everything from regulating the heart rate to flexing the hand or foot.

The central nervous system is made up of the spinal cord and brain..

What is nervous system and its function?

The nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord, sensory organs, and all of the nerves that connect these organs with the rest of the body. Together, these organs are responsible for the control of the body and communication among its parts.

What are 2 functions of the nervous system?

The nervous system is involved in receiving information about the environment around us (sensation) and generating responses to that information (motor responses). The nervous system can be divided into regions that are responsible for sensation (sensory functions) and for the response (motor functions).

What is nervous system with diagram?

The Central Nervous System is the integration and command center of the body. It consists of the brain, spinal cord and the retinas of the eyes. The Peripheral Nervous System consists of sensory neurons, ganglia (clusters of neurons) and nerves that connect the central nervous system to arms, hands, legs and feet.

What is nervous system and its types?

The nervous system has two main parts: The central nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system is made up of nerves that branch off from the spinal cord and extend to all parts of the body.

What are the four main functions of the nervous system?

The four main functions of the nervous system are:Control of body’s internal environment to maintain ‘homeostasis’ An example of this is the regulation of body temperature. … Programming of spinal cord reflexes. An example of this is the stretch reflex. … Memory and learning. … Voluntary control of movement.

Who discovered the nervous system?

HerophilusHerophilus was the first to examine and report on the structure of the nervous system. He was able to do this by dissecting human cadavers [15], a practice that was in many places abandoned until the 16th Century [16]. This method allowed him to make many discoveries.

What is nervous system answer?

The nervous system is a complex network of nerves and cells that carry messages to and from the brain and spinal cord to various parts of the body. … The Central nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord and The Peripheral nervous system is made up of the Somatic and the Autonomic nervous systems.

What diseases affect the nervous system?

Nervous system diseasesAlzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease affects brain function, memory and behaviour. … Bell’s palsy. Bell’s palsy is a sudden weakness or paralysis of facial muscles on one side of the face. … Cerebral palsy. … Epilepsy. … Motor neurone disease (MND) … Multiple sclerosis (MS) … Neurofibromatosis. … Parkinson’s disease.More items…

What organs can be found in the nervous system?

The nervous system in a human is made of the brain, spinal cord, sensory organs and all the neurons that serve as communication channels between the various organs of the body.

What are 3 common nervous system disorders?

Examples include:Parkinson’s disease.Multiple sclerosis (MS).Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).Alzheimer’s disease.Huntington’s disease.Peripheral neuropathies.

What is the nervous system in simple terms?

The nervous system is a system in the body which sends signals around the body. It lets people and animals respond to what is around them. The central nervous system is the brain, the spinal cord, and nerves. It is present in most animals.

What is the function of the nervous system short answer?

Function. At the most basic level, the function of the nervous system is to send signals from one cell to others, or from one part of the body to others. There are multiple ways that a cell can send signals to other cells.

Why is the nervous system most important?

The nervous system helps all the parts of the body to communicate with each other. It also reacts to changes both outside and inside the body. The nervous system uses both electrical and chemical means to send and receive messages.

What are the 3 basic functions of the nervous system?

The nervous system has three broad functions: sensory input, information processing, and motor output. In the PNS, sensory receptor neurons respond to physical stimuli in our environment, like touch or temperature, and send signals that inform the CNS of the state of the body and the external environment.

Can you live without nervous system?

The Nervous System No one can live without a brain. The brain controls almost everything that happens in your body. Because it is so crucial to our survival, it is not surprising, then, that the brain is protected inside a very hard skull.

How do you explain the nervous system to a child?

The nervous system is the highway along which your brain sends and receives information about what is happening in the body and around it. This highway is made up of billions of nerve cells, or neurons (say new-rons) which join together to make nerves. A nerve is a fibre that sends impulses through the body.

What are 5 facts about the nervous system?

11 Fun Facts About the Nervous SystemThe body has billions of nerve cells. … Neurons are made of three parts. … Neurons may look different from one another. … Neurons are programmed to do different things. … There are two parts of the nervous system. … There are two types of nervous systems. … The involuntary system is broken down into three parts.More items…