Quick Answer: What Is The Best Way To Control The Spread Of Infection List 2 Examples?

What are the 5 standard precautions for infection control?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items….

What are 3 specific actions you can take to help avoid chronic disease?

Here are 10 ways to reduce risks of chronic disease:Nutrition – you are what you eat. One of the ways to reduce these risks is to change what and when you eat. … Exercise. … Rest. … Stop smoking. … Control your blood pressure. … Limit your intake of alcohol. … Reduce stress. … Get regular check-ups.More items…•

What is standard infection control?

Standard Precautions. Standard precautions are a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (including rashes), and mucous membranes.

What is the first level of infection control?

The first level of control is administrative controls, which are measures taken to ensure that the entire system is working effectively. These controls include: implementing proper procedures for triage of patients. detecting infections early.

What are the 4 main universal precautions?

Standard Precautions apply to 1) blood; 2) all body fluids, secretions, and excretions, except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain visible blood; 3) non-intact skin; and 4) mucous membranes.

What are the 5 ways to prevent lifestyle diseases?

Here are the 5 Rules of Thumb that if maintained can actually prevent and cut down the risk of acquiring any lifestyle disease : Diet (less carbohydrate, more protein, less oil) : … Regular exercise: … Abstain from Substance Abuse: … Control weight: … Control Blood Pressure and Sugar:

What are the 6 modes of transmission?

Modes of transmissionDirect. Direct contact. Droplet spread.Indirect. Airborne. Vehicleborne. Vectorborne (mechanical or biologic)

What are 5 ways infectious diseases can be spread?

Infectious diseases can spread in a variety of ways: through the air, from direct or indirect contact with another person, soiled objects, skin or mucous membrane, saliva, urine, blood and body secretions, through sexual contact, and through contaminated food and water.

What are 2 specific actions you can take to help avoid infectious disease?

Decrease your risk of infecting yourself or others:Wash your hands often. … Get vaccinated. … Use antibiotics sensibly. … Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. … Be smart about food preparation. … Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. … Practice safer sex. … Don’t share personal items.More items…

How can we prevent germs from spreading at home?

Keep the germs away:Wash your hands before eating, or touching your eyes, nose or mouth.Wash your hands after touching anyone who is sneezing, coughing or blowing their nose.Don’t share things like towels, lipstick, toys, or anything else that might be contaminated with respiratory germs.More items…

What is the most effective way to control the spread of infection?

The most important way to reduce the spread of infections is hand washing – always wash regularly with soap and water. Also important is to get a vaccine for those infections and viruses that have one, when available.

What are the 3 methods of infection control?

There are three types of transmission-based precautions: contact, droplet, and airborne. Contact precautions are used in addition to standard precautions when caring for patients with known or suspected diseases that are spread by direct or indirect contact.

What are the four major methods of infection control?

4 Steps for Infection Prevention and ControlWash Your Hands. Nurses’ hands require near constant cleaning with soap and water or antibacterial gel. … Protect Clean Surfaces. Everything a nurse touches has the potential to spread germs or infectious illness. … Promote Vaccinations. … Know Proper Procedures and Protocol.

What disease can be transmitted through saliva?

Viruses responsible for diseases such as hepatitis viruses, herpesvirus infections (e.g., with Herpes simplex types 1 and 2, Epstein-Barr virus, Cytomegalovirus, and Kaposi syndrome herpesvirus), and papillomaviruses can be conveyed by kissing—as can potentially other viruses present in saliva such as Ebola and Zika …

Can diseases be transmitted through soap?

No. Bar soap does not appear to transmit disease. The most rigorous study of this question was published in 1965. Scientists conducted a series of experiments in which they intentionally contaminated their hands with about five billion bacteria.

What are the basic infection control?

Infection Control BasicsDisinfection and sterilization.Environmental infection control.Hand hygiene.Isolation precautions.Multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO)Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI)Intravascular catheter-related infection (BSI)Organ transplantation.More items…

What are the two basic goals of infection control?

The two basic goals of infection control are to protect the patient and health care personnel from infection. Infection control starts with standard precautions. Standard precautions are the methods recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for preventing the transmission of infections.

How do you control chronic disease?

How You Can Prevent Chronic DiseasesEat Healthy. Eating healthy helps prevent, delay, and manage heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and other chronic diseases. … Get Regular Physical Activity. Regular physical activity can help you prevent, delay, or manage chronic diseases. … Avoid Drinking Too Much Alcohol. … Get Screened. … Get Enough Sleep.