What are the factors that affect enzymes?
Enzyme activity can be affected by a variety of factors, such as temperature, pH, and concentration.
Enzymes work best within specific temperature and pH ranges, and sub-optimal conditions can cause an enzyme to lose its ability to bind to a substrate..
What factors inhibit enzymes?
There are several factors that affect the speed of an enzyme’s action, such as the concentration of the enzyme, the concentration of the substrate, temperature, hydrogen ion concentration (pH), and the presence of inhibitors.
What are some factors that can affect enzyme activity quizlet?
Terms in this set (12)Temperature too high. Enzymes denature. … High temperature. Reactions happen faster. … Temperature too low. Reactions happen slower. … pH. Different proteins work best at different pH’s.pH too high/too low. … Substrate concentration. … Enzyme concentration. … Enzyme cofactors (vitamins)More items…
What are the 4 enzymes?
Examples of specific enzymesLipases – a group of enzymes that help digest fats in the gut.Amylase – helps change starches into sugars. … Maltase – also found in saliva; breaks the sugar maltose into glucose. … Trypsin – found in the small intestine, breaks proteins down into amino acids.More items…•
Does pH affect enzyme activity?
Enzymes are also sensitive to pH . Changing the pH of its surroundings will also change the shape of the active site of an enzyme. … This contributes to the folding of the enzyme molecule, its shape, and the shape of the active site. Changing the pH will affect the charges on the amino acid molecules.
What is the enzyme that digests starch?
enzyme amylaseThe salivary enzyme amylase begins the breakdown of food starches into maltose, a disaccharide. As the bolus of food travels through the esophagus to the stomach, no significant digestion of carbohydrates takes place.